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Docomomo Journal 59

An
Eastern Europe Vision (100 pages)

INDEX

EDITORIAL

Towards
a fresh reading of MoMo historiography

BY
ANA TOSTÕES

INTRODUCTION 

Is
there something behind the Iron Curtain? Documentation and conservation of
Modernism in former Eastern Europe 

BY HENRIETA
MORAVCIKOVA 

ESSAYS

Historiography
of post-war modern architecture in Hungary — evaluation — research —
preservation

BY MARIANN
SIMON  

Revisiting interbellum architecture
of Hungary

BY
ANDRÁS FERKAI

Communicating
“space and form?”: The history and impact of the journal Tér és Forma as
the Hungarian pipeline of Modernism

BY
PÁL RITOÓK AND ÁGNES ANNA SEBESTYÉN 

Ignoring
and erasing: collective housing in 20th century Czechoslovakia

BY
HUBERT GUZIK

Czech
hotels in the late-modernist style set against the landscape

BY
PETR VORLÍK 

Friedrich
Weinwurm: Slovakia’s nearly forgotten contribution to the European
architectural avant-garde

BY
HENRIETA MORAVCIKOVA

Metallic
brutalism and its present embellishment. The addition to the Slovak National
Gallery in Bratislava

BY
PETER SZALAY

Edvard
Ravnikar and The Heart of the City. The genesis of cultural centers in
Slovenia and in ex-Yugoslavia

BY
NATAŠA KOSELJ

Slovenian
industrial heritage — complexity of meanings, their preservation and
regeneration

BY
SONJA IFKO

New
Belgrade: past-present-future, and the future that never came 

BY
JELICA JOVANOVIC

On
the wings of modernity: WWII memorials in Yugoslavia

BY
VLADANA PUTNIK PRICA AND NENAD LAJBENŠPERGER

DOCUMENTATION
ISSUE 

The
New Synagogue in Žilina, Slovakia: participation as a method of heritage
renewal

BY
KATARÍNA HABERLANDOVÁ

NEWS 

BOOK
REVIEWS 

APPENDIX

EDITORIAL

Towards
a fresh reading of MoMo historiography

While
visiting the MAO (Museum of Architecture and Design) in Ljubljana one can appreciate
the architectural power of Stanko Kristl’s work [1]. The impressive buildings
of this Slovenian architect revealed through the exhibition Humanity and
Space, illuminate the beauty of the museum space with some astonishing works
and show why Eastern Europe deserves to be included in the historiography of
the Modern Movement, to clearly demonstrate the contribution of Iron Curtain
countries to the modern avant-garde. As Matevz Celik recognizes, “through
his architecture he worked to provide responses to the needs of the people —
for whom it was intended. This basic premise served as a guiding principle in
experiments and his search for spatial and social innovation in architecture.”
[2]

Given
the scope of the 15th International docomomo Conference —
“Metamorphosis. The Continuity of Change”, which took place at Cankarjev Dom
(by Edvard Ravnikar, 1960–1980), in Ljubljana, Slovenia, on 28-31 August 2018,
this subject is definitely on the docomomo agenda. The theme of this 59th docomomo
Journal challenges us to reinterpret the modern architecture of Eastern
Europe. 

During
the last few years, authors and editors such as Philip Meuser [3] have been
recounting a new history that includes the modern architectural legacy of
former USSR and other Eastern European countries. The recently opened MoMA
exhibition Toward a Concrete Utopia: Architecture in Yugoslavia,
1948–1980 [4] and Ákos Moravansky’s (ed.) monograph trilogy East
West Central: Re-building Europe [5], published last year, are some of the
freshest contributions to this movement towards what one might call the
rethinking of MoMo historiography.

This
DJ focuses on understanding the buildings, projects, personalities and
phenomena located at this intersection of a world divided between the
capitalist West and the socialist East. The dynamic of changing conditions in
Eastern Europe countries contributed specific features to Modern Movement
architecture and its local legacies. Bringing together narratives of scholars
from the Czech Republic, Hungary, Serbia, Slovakia and Slovenia, this
collection of texts is an overview devoted to modern architecture in some of
the countries of the former Eastern bloc. 

In
this issue, diversified reflections are presented: from essays dedicated to
collective habitare, such as housing blocks in the former Yugoslavia
and Czechoslovakia, where the hotel typology is also explored; from WWII
Memorials in Yugoslavia to interventions in emblematic public building, such as
the intervention in the Slovak National Gallery and the restoration of the New
Synagogue in Zilina; or the question of preserving industrial complexes in
Slovenia. In Hungary, the historiography of post-war modern architecture is
portrayed, and its inter-war architecture is also revisited in connection with
the interpretation of the diffusion of the Modern Movement made by the local
journal Tér és Forma. Finally, there is place for discussion about
architects and their masterworks, as the Slovak architect Friedrich Weiwurm and
the Slovenian architect Edvard Ravnikar. These examples of the Eastern European
architectural avant-garde, often forgotten outside of the region for which
were original designed, can now be brought to light and provoke new narratives.
It is expected that coverage of these pioneering approaches will be further
extended to abroader geographical area in a later DJ issue.

docomomo is grateful to Henrieta Moravcikova for accepting the challenge to
be guest editor of this DJ, and the authors for generously having shared their
research. Due to their commitment and meticulous work, it is possible to
present this Journal, which addresses the legacy of Eastern Europe architecture
and its future.

By
Ana Tostões

Notes

Exhibition Stanko
Kristl, the Architect, Humanity and Space (curators: Tadej Glažar, Tina
Gregoric, Maja Vardjan), MAO Museum, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 19 December 2018-30
September 2018.
© Ana Tostões, 2018.

2
Matevž Celik, “Foreword”, in Stanko Kristl, arhitekt. Humanost in prostor/
Stanko Kristl, architect. Humanity and Space, Ljubljana, MAO, 2018. 

From
the MAO see also: Bogo Zupancic, Plecnikovi študenti in drugi
jugoslovanski arhitekti v Le Corbusierovem ateljeju, Ljubljana, MAO,
2017; 

Janez
Kresal, Edo Mihevc - Izbrana Dela, Ljubljana, MAO, 2016.

3
Philip Meuser and Dimitrij Zadorin, Towards a Typology of Soviet Mass
Housing: Prefabrication in the USSR 1955–1991, Berlin, DOM Publishers, 2016;
Philip Meuser, Seismic Modernism: Architecture and Housing in Soviet Tashkent,
Berlin, DOM Publishers, 2016.

4
Exhibition Toward a Concrete Utopia: Architecture in Yugoslavia, MoMA, New
York, US, MoMA, 10 July 2018 – 13 January 2019 (see p. 88).

5
Ákos Moravánszky, Torsten Lange, Judith Hopfengärtner, Karl Kegler (ed.), East
West Central: Re-building Europe 1950-1990, Basel, Birkhauser
Architecture, 2016.


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